How to Paint a Koi Pond in Oil

Skill Level : 1 Beginner, 2 Intermediate

Medium : Oil Painting

Subject : Animals

Tutor : Nolan Clark

Class Length : 1 hour 59 minutes

Avg Rating : No Ratings Yet

Class Description

We will be painting a pond with koi fish

During this class you will learn:
1) How to paint fish
2) How to make it appear as though they are under water
3) How to show the movement of the fish
4) and lots more…

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Class Tutorial

Planning

template for koi painting

Draw the fish and lily pads on the canvas, then mask them off with a product like Clear Cover or an equivalent.

Painting the background

colors for background

Mix the acrylic paints you will need to do the background.  Thin with a bit of water if necessary.

Follow the technique that Nolan uses to cover the canvas in background colour, blocking in the different tones and then blending them.  Dry the painting and clean the palette before proceding to oils for the next stage.

Mixing the koi colours

color for painting the koi

Mix the colours that you will need for the koi.  Include variations for highlights and shadows.  Note that you will need to mix some ground colour also for the shadows.

Painting the koi

painting the background

Begin by unmasking the fish from the canvas.  Save the masks in case you need them later.

Start out by painting a light coat of colour to make the markings on the white koi.  Your markings will be contoured to the shape of the fish.

painting the white parts of the koi

Next, block in the white parts of the koi.  Then add the shadows, starting at the darkest side.  With a dry brush, lightly blend in the shadow to the white.  As you create these contrasts with your shadow tones, the fish will begin to look rounded.

Be sure that the white areas have paint as the white will become the fish's highlight colour.

painting the markings of the koi

Now add the highlights and shadows to the koi's markings.  Add more interest to your painting by varying the hard and soft edges to these spots.

Paint the fins next.  Starting with the tail fin, paint in the lights, then the shadow tones.  Note how the proper placement of shadings gives the fin a slight concave shape.  Next do the other fins, following Nolan's lead.

painting the eye of the koi

Move on to the eye.  Adjust your dark shadow colour and paint in the eye oval.  Note the technique Nolan uses to indicate how the eye protrudes.  Mix up a bit of sky colour to highlight the eye and follow it up with a glint of white.

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painting the back part of the koi

Go back and adjust the shadings on the back of the fish.  When doing shadows on the koi's markings, be sure to use the marking colour as the base for the shadow tone.

Painting the lily pads

painting the lily pads

Remove and save the masks from the lily pads.  Block in the green shades; blend them, then add the darker colour on the edge to create the curling effect.  Add the impression of ribbing on the lily pad.  Highlight and shade the middle vein.

Finish up by adding highlights around the edge.  Notice how it defines the thickness of the lily pad.

Use the same techniques to paint the other lily pads.

Creating the underwater reflections

underwater reflections

Let your oil painting dry several weeks before proceeding to the next step.

Mix a sky colour to use to create reflections on the water.

Again, mask the lily pads.  Then apply a light wash of the sky colour to create a smoky effect over the water.  Add a ripple or two for interest.

Using your sky colour, place cast shadows under the lily pads.

One last look

final painting a koi pond in oil

Make one last sweep of your painting and make any adjustments needed.

Nolan Clark

About Nolan Clark

Nolan Clark has been painting and drawing since 1996. He enjoys working in many mediums and styles, but realism is his favourite. He teaches drawing, painting as well as scratch board classes on the site.
Read more about Nolan Clark

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